Eugênio Gudin: The Controversies of Caboclo Neoliberalism

Vol. 20 No. 4 (2000)

Oct-Dec / 2000
Published October 1, 2000
PDF-Portuguese (Português (Brasil))
PDF-Portuguese (Português (Brasil))

How to Cite

Borges, Maria Angélica. 2000. “Eugênio Gudin: The Controversies of Caboclo Neoliberalism”. Brazilian Journal of Political Economy 20 (4):466-79.

Eugênio Gudin: The Controversies of Caboclo Neoliberalism

Maria Angélica Borges
Professora de Economia e Diretora da Faculdade de Economia e Administração da Pontifícia Universidade Católica de São Paulo – PUC/SP, São Paulo/SP, Brasil.
Brazilian Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 20 No. 4 (2000), Oct-Dec / 2000, Pages 466-479


This article examines Eugênio Gudin’s theorical production that express his new
liberal posture, which highlights his opposition to Roberto Simonsen, Cepal’s economic development
theory, Marx and followers. Gudin recognized Karl Marx as the biggest enemy
of capitalism. He attributed to the thinker the creation of the concept of capitalism with
historical connotations. Radically denying this content and balancing the conception of the
natural and eternal character of this system, he focused on capitalism as a production system
which connects itself harmonically with democracy. He worked with the pair of concepts:
economy market and democracy as an antithesis of planning and totalitarism, structuring
the discourse that stress the abstract general plan, disregarding a concrete-historical analysis
for each specific case. Consequently, every aspect that does not fit that pair is considered undemocratic
and interventionist, as an equivalent denial of the human ideal, sometimes that
should be avoided, or even destroyed.

JEL Classification: B31.

Keywords: History of economic thought Gudin neoliberalism