O saldo e a dívida
During approximately two and a half years the Brazilian economy sustained a trade surplus of about USS 12 billion. The origin and sustainability of this surplus became one of the main issues on the controversy about the medium and long-term growth perspectives of the country. Using the latest data, and comparing 1987 with 1986, this article tries to show that the trade surplus collapse in the second half of 1986 was an aberration, corrected in 1987. ln the latter, the level of activities achieved in 1986 proved to be compatible with the level of surplus sustained from 1984 to the first half of 1986. The article also tries to explore some of the implications of the country s exceptional ca-pacity to generate high surplus, ending with a brief reference to its position facing the foreign debt.