Technologial policies in Europe

Vol. 9 No. 1 (1989)

Jan-Mar / 1989
Published January 1, 1989
PDF-Portuguese (Português (Brasil))
PDF-Portuguese (Português (Brasil))

How to Cite

Rothwell, Roy. 1989. “Technologial Policies in Europe”. Brazilian Journal of Political Economy 9 (1):89-115.

Technologial policies in Europe

Roy Rothwell
Universidade de Sussex. Falmer, Brighton BN1 9RH, Reino Unido.
Brazilian Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 9 No. 1 (1989), Jan-Mar / 1989, Pages 89-115


While governments in the advanced market economies have for many years been
involved in the formulation of policies designed to stimulate scientific advance and technological
change, it was not until the mid-1970s that explicit “innovation” policies emerged. Innovation
policy represented an integration of the more traditional “industrial policy” and “science
and technology policy”. During the early 1980s public policy emphasis once again shifted
when governments began to introduce so-called “technology policies”. Technology policy involves
the selection and development of particular generic technologies or high-technology
product groups. Today all advanced European economies have adopted technology policies for
the support of information technology and biotechnology. This article discusses and compares
technology policies in the United Kingdom, France, and the Federal Republic of Germany, as
well as policies operating at the European level promulgated by the EEC.

JEL Classification: O38; O30.

Keywords: Innovation R&D technology