Dollarization and heterodoxy in Latin America

Vol. 7 No. 3 (1987)

Jul-Sep / 1987
Published July 1, 1987
PDF-Portuguese (Português (Brasil))
PDF-Portuguese (Português (Brasil))

How to Cite

Salama, Pierre. 1987. “Dollarization and Heterodoxy in Latin America”. Brazilian Journal of Political Economy 7 (3):363-77.

Dollarization and heterodoxy in Latin America

Pierre Salama
Universidade de Paris XIII, Paris/France
Brazilian Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 7 No. 3 (1987), Jul-Sep / 1987, Pages 363-377


Changes in the international financial markets implied new conditions for the financing
of Latin American foreign debts. The “dolarização “ of these economies, both in the
broad sense (using the dollar rather than the local currency) and strict (capital flight) sense,
acquired new importance, intensely affecting the monetary sovereignty of these countries.
As a result, new economic policies were instituted in Argentina and Brazil aimed at reducing
inflation by imposing a price freeze and a general de-indexation of the economy without
causing a recession as well as at maintaining a minimal servicing of their external debts.
The author takes into account the external context as well as both the economic structures
and the accumulation of capital, which vary depending on the country and moment, as he
analyzes the limitations of the measures used to slow down the long-terrn “dolarização” and
the main features of the “Austral” and “Cruzado” plans, which were presented as heterodox.
Lastly, he presents the possible need to adopt measures that are more heterodox than those foreseen in those plans: success would be a result of a partial moratorium of the payment of
foreign debts and a sensible modification of the distribution of income.

JEL Classification: F34; E31; E52.

Keywords: Dollarization stabilization inflation