Dolarizações e heterodoxia na américa latina
Changes in the international financial markets implied new conditions for the financing of the Latin American foreign debts. The “dolarização” of these economies, both in the broad sense (using the dollar rather than the local currency) and strict (capital flight) sense, acquired new im-portance, intensely affecting the monetary sovereignty of these countries. As a result, new eco-nomic policies were instituted in Argentina and Brazil aimed at reducing inflation by imposing a price freeze and a general de-indexation of the economy without causing a recession as well as at maintaining a minimal servicing of their external debts. The author takes into account the external context as well as both the economic structures and the accumulation of capital, which vary depen-ding on the country and moment, as he analyzes the limitations of the measures used to slowdown the long-term “dolarização” and the main features of the “Austral” and “Cruzado” plans, which were presented as heterodox. Lastly he presents the possible need to adopt measures that are more heterodox than those foreseen in those plans: success would be a result of a partial moratorium of the payment of the foreign debts and a sensible modification of the distribution of income.