Land structure and agrarian reform in Brazil

Vol. 7 No. 3 (1987)

Jul-Sep / 1987
Published July 1, 1987
PDF-Portuguese (Português (Brasil))
PDF-Portuguese (Português (Brasil))

How to Cite

Albuquerque, Marcos C. Cavalcanti de. 1987. “Land Structure and Agrarian Reform in Brazil”. Brazilian Journal of Political Economy 7 (3):398-435.

Land structure and agrarian reform in Brazil

Marcos C. Cavalcanti de Albuquerque
Escola de Administração de Empresas de São Paulo da Fundação Getúlio Vargas – EAESP/FGV, São Paulo/SP, Brasil.
Brazilian Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 7 No. 3 (1987), Jul-Sep / 1987, Pages 398-435


This paper is an attempt to analise land ownership patterns in Brazil and their
relation to economic variables such as production, productivity, land use, and profitability.
Some conclusions and derived with respect to the implementation of the land reform program
and its effects on the economic aspects of the Brazilian agricultural sector. The main
conclusions are: a) from an economic point of view ‘land should be treated on equal terms
with any other factor of production; b) there is no evidence as to land being extensively used
with speculative purposes; e) no significant change has been occurring in regard to the heavily
concentrated land ownership pattern observed in Brazil; d) no significant differences were
observed among different size-group of farms with respect to economic efficiency (partial
productivity differences are explained by differences in factor availability and reflect proper
resource allocation behavior by farmers); e) land-reform in Brazil, such as proposed by the
government, is not the correct policy to promote agricultural growth and development.

JEL Classification: Q15; Q18.

Keywords: Land reform land structure agricultural productivity