The Three-Year Plan in the context of the US-Brazilian relations (1962-1963)

Vol. 33 No. 4 (2013)

Oct-Dec / 2013
Published October 1, 2013
PDF-Portuguese (Português (Brasil))
PDF-Portuguese (Português (Brasil))

How to Cite

Pereira Loureiro, Felipe. 2013. “The Three-Year Plan in the Context of the US-Brazilian Relations (1962-1963)”. Brazilian Journal of Political Economy 33 (4):671-91.

The Three-Year Plan in the context of the US-Brazilian relations (1962-1963)

Felipe Pereira Loureiro
Doutorando em Histórica Econômica da Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas da Universidade de São Paulo e Bolsista do CNPq.
Brazilian Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 33 No. 4 (2013), Oct-Dec / 2013, Pages 671-691


The paper analyses the US-Brazilian relations during the formulation and implementation of the Three-Year Plan by the government of João Goulart. The evidence suggests the limited economic assistance offered by the United States to Brazil, driven by political causes, played a major role in the Three-Year Plan’s demise. It is argued that Goulart’s links with the radical left, particularly with groups seen as communists by Washington, was the main reason behind US decision of blocking resources. The conclusions are relevant because scholars have emphasized domestic reasons only to explain the failure of the Three Year Plan.

JEL Classification: N16; N46; F59.

Keywords: economic policy Three-Year Plan João Goulart US-Brazilian relations