Development and inequalities

Vol. 29 No. 4 (2009)

Oct-Dec / 2009
Published October 1, 2009

How to Cite

Salama, Pierre. 2009. “Development and Inequalities”. Brazilian Journal of Political Economy 29 (4):377-85.

Development and inequalities

Pierre Salama
Professor of economics at the Paris XIII University
Brazilian Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 29 No. 4 (2009), Oct-Dec / 2009, Pages 377-385


The rise in wages inequalities, whatever may be the level of development reached, is linked to the modernization of countries, a modernization percieved as a constraint in an ever more globalised world. This tendency is sometimes thwarted by sustained education policies and by restrictive government policies aiming at raising low wages. But as a tendency, it is stronger when countries increase their opening rate and modify the exports structures toward ever more sophisticated products. One can however see how much it is artificial to separate technology from exports in order to measure their respective weight on the rise of inequalities.

JEL Classification: O1; F16; F4; J31.

Keywords: Inequalities globalization modernization structure of exportations social policies