What does the re-elected have?

Vol. 27 No. 4 (2007)

Oct-Dec / 2007
Published March 17, 2020
PDF-Portuguese (Português (Brasil))
PDF-Portuguese (Português (Brasil))

How to Cite

Pereira, Carlos, and Lucio Renno. 2007. “What Does the Re-Elected Have? The Return: The Outline of a Theory of Reelection in Brazil”. Brazilian Journal of Political Economy 27 (4):664-83. https://centrodeeconomiapolitica.org.br/repojs/index.php/journal/article/view/586.

What does the re-elected have?

The return: the outline of a theory of reelection in Brazil

Carlos Pereira
Michigan State University — MSU. Escola de Economia de São Paulo — EESP/FGV.
Lucio Renno
University of Arizona
Brazilian Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 27 No. 4 (2007), Oct-Dec / 2007, Pages 664-683


This article compares the determinants of electoral success in two consecutive Brazilian legislative elections, 1998 and 2002. There is a clear difference between both periods that renders the comparison especially interesting. In 1998 the incumbent president was running for reelection whereas in 2002 it was an open seat contest. We hypothesize that in 1998 the proximity of the Federal Deputy with the president and the allocation of federal monies controlled by the Executive Branch played a more significant role in affecting reelection success than in 2002. Hence, if the President is himself running for reelection is an important intervening contextual variable in understanding reelection success of Federal Deputies.

JEL Classification: H00.

Keywords: reelection legislative elections budgetary amendments