A review on defense innovation: from spin-off to spin-in

Vol. 38 No. 2 (2018)

Apr-Jun / 2018
Published February 26, 2020

How to Cite

D. C. Leske, Ariela. 2018. “A Review on Defense Innovation: From Spin-off to Spin-in”. Brazilian Journal of Political Economy 38 (2):377-91. https://doi.org/10.1590/0101-31572018v38n02a09.

A review on defense innovation: from spin-off to spin-in

Ariela D. C. Leske
Professor and research in the Pos-Graduation Program in Military Science at Escola de Comando e Estado-Maior do Exército (ECEME), Brasil.
Brazilian Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 38 No. 2 (2018), Apr-Jun / 2018, Pages 377-391


Historically, investments in innovation for military purposes have been presented as having a positive impact on economy development as whole. In this vein, the end of the Cold War is presented as an inflection point. The reduction in the number of international conflicts would have negatively affected investments in defense-related products, as the former was considered the driver of the latter. It argues that the decision of whether investing in the military or the civil sectors as the driver of economic development depends first and foremost on historic and socio-economic contexts in which decisions are taken.

JEL Classification: O3.

Keywords: Innovation defense spin-off spin-in