Patterns of external insertion in global value chains: a comparative analysis between Brazil and China
The international trade literature has shown the benefits of the international
fragmentation of production for developing countries. However, there are considerations
about the hierarchy and control in Global Value Chains (GVCs). Thus, this research aims to
evaluate the Brazilian and Chinese international insertion in GVCs by proposing an index
about technological sophistication in exports (qtech) by technological intensity for
2005-2015. The results pointed out that the integration in GVCs and technological
sophistication have been directed towards technological clusters in which Brazil has
revealed comparative advantages, while China has been moving towards technological
clusters with dynamic comparative advantages.
JEL Classification: O57; F15.
Keywords: Global Value Chains international insertion Brazil China