Employment, technical change and growth in Brazil: a conclusion from Input-Output Matrix
The debate on technological unemployment is accentuated when disruptive
innovations gain eminence, as is the recent case of artificial intelligence. However, such
analyses often ignore economic growth and aggregate demand in the treatment of
unemployment. This article analyses what has been happening about the jobs in Brazil from
the structural decomposition of the Input-Output Matrix. What we find is that, except for
agriculture, sectors were job generators from 2000 to 2015. In addition, demand gains were
able to compensate for job losses resulting from technological progress.
JEL Classification: J21; J23; C67; O33.
Keywords: Input-Output Matrix structural change technological unemployment demand growth