Assessing development and the idea of development in the 1950s in Brazil

Vol. 33 No. 3 (2013)

Jul-Sep / 2013
Published July 1, 2013

How to Cite

Rossotto Ioris, Rafael, and Antonio Augusto Rossotto Ioris. 2013. “Assessing Development and the Idea of Development in the 1950s in Brazil”. Brazilian Journal of Political Economy 33 (3):411-26.

Assessing development and the idea of development in the 1950s in Brazil

Rafael Rossotto Ioris
Assistant Professor of Latin American History, University of Denver, USA.
Antonio Augusto Rossotto Ioris
Lecturer in Geography, University of Aberdeen, UK.
Brazilian Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 33 No. 3 (2013), Jul-Sep / 2013, Pages 411-426


The decade of 1950s was a crucial period of the industrialization of the Brazilian economy. The dominant school of thought was the national-developmentalism, which was not restricted to the sphere of economic production but also encompassed political and socio-cultural processes of change. Combining repression, persuasion and paternalism, the national state took a significantly political and economic responsibility in the social, material and symbolic modernization during the Vargas and Kubitschek administrations. However, internal disputes, foreign demands and a long legacy of socio-spatial inequalities prevented the achievement of more socially inclusive goals, leading a legacy of unanswered questions that still have currency today. 

JEL Classification: O14; O25; O54; L52.

Keywords: Brazil national-developmentalism Vargas Kubitschek technocratic planning