Models of commercial protection: a review

Vol. 24 No. 3 (2004)

Jul-Sep / 2004
Published July 1, 2004
PDF-Portuguese (Português (Brasil))
PDF-Portuguese (Português (Brasil))

How to Cite

Colistete, Renato, and Jarbas Dantas Menezes. 2004. “Models of Commercial Protection: A Review”. Brazilian Journal of Political Economy 24 (3):472-89.

Models of commercial protection: a review

Renato Colistete
Departamento de Economia e programa de pós-graduação em Economia, Universidade Estadual Paulista de Araraquara – UNESP-Araraquara, Araraquara/SP, Brasil.
Jarbas Dantas Menezes
Mestre em Economia da Universidade Estadual Paulista de Araraquara - Unesp/Araraquara, Araraquara/ SP, Brasil.
Brazilian Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 24 No. 3 (2004), Jul-Sep / 2004, Pages 472-489


Protectionism has been an enduring source of international disputes since at least the nineteenth century. In the last decades, an array of nontariff barriers has created a new global phenomenon, the so-called New Protectionism, which once more shows the strength of the forces leading to the adoption of trade barriers by nations. This article aims to review representative analytical models which deal with the causes of protectionism. First, the article discusses historical political economy models and their focus on social groups, institutions and historical analysis. Second, the article addresses positive political economy models which bring organizations, interests and social actors into the framework of rational choice.

JEL Classification: F13.

Keywords: Trade protection political economy models rational choice historical political economy