Brazilian external debt in francs, 1888-1956

Vol. 14 No. 4 (1994)

Oct-Dec / 1994
Published October 1, 1994
PDF-Portuguese (Português (Brasil))
PDF-Portuguese (Português (Brasil))

How to Cite

Abreu, Marcelo de Paiva. 1994. “Brazilian External Debt in Francs, 1888-1956”. Brazilian Journal of Political Economy 14 (4):609-22.

Brazilian external debt in francs, 1888-1956

Marcelo de Paiva Abreu
Do Departamento de Economia da Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro. – PUC, Rio de Janeiro/RJ, Brasil.
Brazilian Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 14 No. 4 (1994), Oct-Dec / 1994, Pages 609-622


Although the share of the debt in French francs in total Brazilian debt was of
only 6% in 1930, the analysis is of interest due to the marked concentration of inflows just
before World War I, to the concentration of indebtedness in high risk loans to states and municipalities
and to the fact that France was the only creditor country to return to gold with
a broken parity. The process of Brazilian progressive indebtedness in francs is described and
the performance of loans in different currencies is evaluated in relation to alternatives such
as the purchase of government bonds.

JEL Classification: N26; F34.

Keywords: Economic history of Brazil external debt international lending