As novas estratégias tecnológicas das multinacionais do setor das telecomunicações
The industry of telecommunications equipments is considered a strategic high-technology sector and needs large long-time investments in R&D. During the last three decades, the technological strategies of multinationals corporations which control 80% of the world market has been shaped according to two patterns. During the 60’s and 70’s, the telecommunications public administration used to the technical basis of the main equipment systems, to finance and realize R&D projects jointly with local firms, to allocate them the public purchases. This has permitted to strengthen the local firms on the national and international market. Since the 80’s, fusions, mergers and technological agreements traduce a concentration process. Japanese and European corporations intensify their direct investments iii the US market. The competition grows rapidly in the desregulated small equipments market.