Conservatism and rigidity in monetary policy
an estimate of the BCB's reaction function (2000-2007)
This paper aims at evaluating the conduction of monetary policy after the adoption of inflation targeting. Formation of Selic rate is modeled by estimating a reaction function of the BCB. Results show an excessive degree of interest rate smoothing and a high level of equilibrium interest rate. This evidence supports the belief that Selic rate’s formation is ruled by a conservative behavior. The conservative conduction of monetary policy is related to two distinct features of BCB’s reaction function: i) the great weight of autoregressive components; and, chiefly, ii) a very high level of the equilibrium interest rate. The main conclusion is that, all remaining unchanged, the interest rate would hardly be reduced in a satisfactory way. Massive and chronic deflation would be needed if Selic were to reach a reasonable level, closer to that of rates in the rest of the world. This evidences the need for a debate on the adequacy of current stabilization strategy.
JEL Classification: E43; E58.
Keywords: Taylor rule Selic conservatism