Public policy and competitiveness in agriculture

Vol. 21 No. 1 (2001)

Jan-Mar / 2001
Published January 1, 2001
PDF-Portuguese (Português (Brasil))
PDF-Portuguese (Português (Brasil))

How to Cite

Carvalho, Maria Auxiliadora de. 2001. “Public Policy and Competitiveness in Agriculture”. Brazilian Journal of Political Economy 21 (1):123-46.

Public policy and competitiveness in agriculture

Maria Auxiliadora de Carvalho
Instituto de Economia Agrícola da Secretaria de Agricultura e Abastecimento do Estado de São Paulo, S.Paulo/SP, Brasil.
Brazilian Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 21 No. 1 (2001), Jan-Mar / 2001, Pages 123-146


ln the last three decades the agricultural sector of the less developed countries has lost competitiveness. The strong agricultural policy would explain the gain in the most developed countries. Their agricultural policy didn’t change, even when the government adopted a liberal strategy. Only European Union has demonstrated gains in competitiveness during all of the time. If we consider that at the beginning it showed the worst situation in terms of comparative advantage, we can conclude that its Common Agricultural Policy has caused big trade diversion and contributed to the reduction of the world economic efficiency.

JEL Classification: F14; F13.

Keywords: Agriculture international trade revealed competitiveness