Structural changes and labor market in Brazil

Vol. 32 No. 3 (2012)

Jul-Sep / 2012
Published July 1, 2012
PDF-Portuguese (Português (Brasil))
PDF-Portuguese (Português (Brasil))

How to Cite

Camargo de Pauli, Rafael, Luciano Nakabashi, and Armando Vaz Sampaio. 2012. “Structural Changes and Labor Market in Brazil”. Brazilian Journal of Political Economy 32 (3):459-78.

Structural changes and labor market in Brazil

Rafael Camargo de Pauli
Analista Econômico da COHAB
Luciano Nakabashi
Professor Doutor da FEA-RP/USP e pesquisador do CNPQ
Armando Vaz Sampaio
Professor Adjunto do Departamento de Economia da UFPR
Brazilian Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 32 No. 3 (2012), Jul-Sep / 2012, Pages 459-478


 In the present article, we attempt to identify the sources of the changes in the labor schooling level in the three main sectors of the Brazilian economy: manufacturing, services and agriculture. It was verified that, despite the changes in the product and employment among sectors, mainly in the 90s, the relative demands for qualified workers has not experimented significant changes. Moreover, in the periods in which schooling has increased more, the workers’ wage has decreased more. This fact suggests that the increase in labor qualification was mainly due to the increase of this factor supply. The structural changes had contributed, in general, in a marginal and negative way to labor force level of qualification demand in all the three sectors.

JEL Classification: F16; I20; J22; J23; J24.

Keywords: labor schooling structural changes demand for qualified labor supply of qualified labor