Historical roots of the ideas that subside clustering policies

Vol. 22 No. 1 (2002)

Jan-Mar / 2002
Published January 1, 2002
PDF-Portuguese (Português (Brasil))
PDF-Portuguese (Português (Brasil))

How to Cite

Barros, Alexandre Rands. 2002. “Historical Roots of the Ideas That Subside Clustering Policies”. Brazilian Journal of Political Economy 22 (1):136-55. https://doi.org/10.1590/0101-31572002-1227.

Historical roots of the ideas that subside clustering policies

Alexandre Rands Barros
Professor do Departamento de Economia da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco.
Brazilian Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 22 No. 1 (2002), Jan-Mar / 2002, Pages 136-155


This paper shows the basic conceptions of the underlining ideas supporting clustering policies and explains their origins and justifications, for playing an important role on economic development. It is argued that, although they were fostered while liberal ideas were hegemonic, the concepts that give support to clustering policies are not based on this ideology only. They also seek support from ideas that accept public interventions on the economy. This means that one of the most efficient strategies to promote economic development nowadays has skeptical attitudes in relation to several liberal precepts.

JEL Classification: E52, E53.

Keywords: clustering industrial hubs industrialization