Brazilian coffee: no to a new international agreement

Vol. 13 No. 4 (1993)

Oct-Dec / 1993
Published October 1, 1993
PDF-Portuguese (Português (Brasil))
PDF-Portuguese (Português (Brasil))

How to Cite

Melo, Fernando Homem de. 1993. “Brazilian Coffee: No to a New International Agreement”. Brazilian Journal of Political Economy 13 (4):533-43.

Brazilian coffee: no to a new international agreement

Fernando Homem de Melo
Da Faculdade de Economia e Fundação Instituto de Pesquisas Econômicas da Universidade de São Paulo – FIPE-USP, São Paulo/SP, Brasil.
Brazilian Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 13 No. 4 (1993), Oct-Dec / 1993, Pages 533-543


Four years after the breakdown of the International Coffee Agreement this paper is an attempt to evaluate the position of the Brazilian government. Brazil was, in 1989, the country very much against the renewal of the agreement. To do that an examination was made of the empirical evidence during the last thirty years. Such evidence showed losses in Brazil’s coffee production, exports and market share. In practice, Brazil was the only country to carry the burden of the coffee agreement. The other countries profited at Brazil’s costs. It is also shown the large comparative advantage of coffee production in Brazil and that adjustments should be made in domestic policies.

JEL Classification: L66; Q17.

Keywords: Coffee commercial agreements international coffee organization