The Social in Lula´'s government

Vol. 26 No. 1 (2006)

Jan-Mar / 2006
Published March 27, 2020
PDF-Portuguese (Português (Brasil))
PDF-Portuguese (Português (Brasil))

How to Cite

Marques, Rosa Maria, and Áquilas Mendes. 2006. “The Social in Lula´’s Government: The Construction of a New Populism in Terms of Applying a Neoliberal Agenda”. Brazilian Journal of Political Economy 26 (1):58-74.

The Social in Lula´'s government

the construction of a new populism in terms of applying a neoliberal agenda

Rosa Maria Marques
Professora titular do Departamento de Economia e do Programa de Estudos Pós-Graduados em Economia Política da PUCSP.
Áquilas Mendes
Professor de Economia da FAAP/SP, vice-presidente da Associação Brasileira de Economia da Saúde e coordenador da Coordenadoria de Gestão de Políticas Públicas do CEPAM/SP
Brazilian Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 26 No. 1 (2006), Jan-Mar / 2006, Pages 58-74


The purpose of this paper is to discuss the main characteristics of new Lula’s government support. The paper’s hypothesis concentrates in the idea of starting a different political approach, “a new populism”. The paper argues that Lula’s government to keep in power, beyond of going on with the neoliberal project – unfinished in the last years of FHC government -, needs to build up a solid and trustful political support, which is being done by implementing income transfer programs directed to poor people and the ones with less organization experience. This paper also calls the attention to Lula’s government nature, in order to clarify the difficulties which should be dealt and the tasks to be developed in building up a political party that defends workers emancipation and Brazilians exploited.

JEL Classification: I38.

Keywords: social policy Lula government populism