Exchange rate regulations, the behavior of exchange rates, and macroeconomic stability in Brazil
In the last two decades an entirely new set of rules governing the foreign exchange transactions was established in Brazil, substituting for the framework inherited from the 1930’s. Foreign exchange controls were dismantled and a floating exchange rate regime replaced different forms of peg. In this paper we argue that although successful by comparison to previous experiences, the current arrangement has important flaws that should be addressed. We discuss how it first led to high volatility and extremely high interest rates, which, when overcome, gave way to a long lasting appreciation of the real exchange rate with adverse consequences to industry.
JEL Classification: E6; F3; F4.
Keywords: Brazilian exchange rate regime capital account liberalization foreign exchange regulation