National development strategy

Vol. 26 No. 2 (2006)

Apr-Jun / 2006
Published April 1, 2006
PDF-Portuguese (Português (Brasil))
PDF-Portuguese (Português (Brasil))

How to Cite

Bresser-Pereira, Luiz Carlos. 2006. “National Development Strategy”. Brazilian Journal of Political Economy 26 (2):203-30.

National development strategy

Luiz Carlos Bresser-Pereira
Professor da Fundação Getúlio Vargas, São Paulo.
Brazilian Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 26 No. 2 (2006), Apr-Jun / 2006, Pages 203-230


 After a review of the concept of economic growth as a historical process beginning with the capitalist revolution and the formation of the modern national states, the author claims that growth is almost invariably the outcome of a national development strategy. Effective economic development occurs historically when the different social classes are able to cooperate and formulate an effective strategy to promote growth and face international competition. It follows a discussion of the main characteristics and of the basic tensions that such strategies face in the central countries which first developed, and in the underdeveloped countries, which, besides their domestic problems, confront major challenges in their relations with the rich countries.

JEL Classification: O10; O11.

Keywords: strategy development underdevelopment nation state